Glowing with Salt

“Now You Can Take Advantage of Even More

Glowing Benefits From Himalayan Salt…”


Discover This Soothing, Decorative Way to Help Refreshen and

Beautify the Air in Areas of Your Home



Every day the miners make their long, slow journey… down 1,500 meters (4,921 feet) deep underground, beneath the Himalayan foothills.

Their mission is to bring forth one of our planet’s most potent minerals… a mineral formed over many thousands of years ago when light and energy from the sun dried up the primal ocean.

The amazing thing… despite spending years deep within the Himalayan earth doing back-breaking work every day, the miners are incredibly happy.

How could this be?

In fact, word has it that the people working these mineral mines couldn’t be happier.

When I first heard this, I found it quite hard to believe. Everyone has heard about the hazards of mining… particularly, the risks coal miners face every day they go underground.

So, what’s different about these mines? Could there be something in the air?

How This Pure Potent Mineral Provides Rejuvenation Benefits

Since the beginning of recorded history, the beneficial properties of salt have been well known and documented. Early civilizations greatly valued salt, and used it as a trading currency as well as a preservative for food.

And generations ago, people regularly turned to salt water and salt mines for many reasons.

For years, many European countries have used salt mines and hot salt springs to promote a sense of rejuvenation.

People rest and rejuvenate in salt mines and caves (in spa-like ambiance in many cases), for periods of time to help aid their mood and overall sense of calm.



This type of rejuvenation in salt mines and caves is common.

People travel from all over the world to visit salt mines like the ones found in the Himalayas, Austria, and Germany. In Germany, the hot salt springs are so revered, companies often send overworked employees there to rejuvenate.

Why are the salt mines so beneficial?

Quite simply… the very dry, fresh environment of a salt mine is key.

Well… even if you’re not able to travel to Asia or Europe to take advantage of salt mines, you can still take advantage of salt to help freshen and beautify the air you breathe.

The solution involves pure Himalayan crystal salt…… the same type of salt Himalayan miners go deep into the earth to uncover.


Before we discover more about this unique and very decorative solution, let’s mine deeper into…

 How Negative Ions Impact the Air You Breathe

Ever breathe and experience the air around a thunderous waterfall… on a serene mountain top… at a pulsating seashore… or after a wild thunderstorm? I’m sure you have.

Remember how fresh the air felt and how easy it was for you to breathe?

Well, what you experienced was likely the result of negative ions.

See, the forces of nature through phenomena like rainstorms, waterfalls, lightning, sunlight, ocean waves, and wind, create negative ions.

Prior to a thunderstorm, you can feel the build up of tension in the air – the positive ions in the air are reaching their peak.

Once the storm hits, the air produces electrical charges in the atmosphere and rain falls. The resulting oxygen-rich air bursts with negative ions. And once the storm passes, you can feel the sensation of calm and clarity in the air.

The rush of negative ions helps neutralize and balance the positive ions. Many published articles and scientific studies report how negative ions in the air can have positive effects. One demonstration of that is how they potentially increase the growth rate of certain plants.

In most of these studies, sophisticated negative ion generators were used in controlled group environments – not something you can readily recreate in your own home.

But the studies certainly give you a sense of the power of negative ions and their potential for cleansing the air you breathe.

As I suggested above, there is something you can do on a smaller scale using Himalayan crystal salt to freshen and beautify your own indoor air.

So, what can you do in your home or workplace today to start enhancing the air you breathe? Here are…

Eleven Common Sense Ways to Improve Your Indoor Air

home air purifier

It’s obviously very important for your health to breathe clean fresh air.

And some of your highest exposure to polluted air is within an area directly under your control… your home.

According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), on average we spend 69.54% of our time indoors at home. When you add indoor workplace time into the mix, you could spend over 90% of your time indoors… with some estimates even as high as 96.89%.

So, with all this time spent indoors, common sense dictates that you’ll want to refresh the air you breathe.

Here’s a simple 11-point checklist that goes a long ways toward helping you improve the air you breathe in your own home or workplace…

  1. Bring in some nature – First step for you is to bring in some plants. Plants help contribute to your improved air quality by removing certain chemicals in the air.
  1. Don’t allow smoking inside – Seems pretty obvious, but second-hand smoke can create serious health issues for everyone in your home.
  1. Circulate refreshing air – This is not always easily done in extreme hot or cold climates. But simply opening up windows on opposite walls for cross ventilation for a few minutes a day can provide you with a dramatic reduction in indoor air pollution
  1. Take off your shoes – Bringing in dirt, dust, and other pollutants from outside could impact the quality of your indoor air. It’s best to remove your shoes completely and not wear around indoors.
  1. Regularly clean and replace furnace and air filters – This is an area that typically gets neglected. However, it’s a critical item to address, because it can have a profound impact on your air quality.
  1. Use and clean ventilating fans often – Plus, make sure these fans vent to the outside and run them appropriately (don’t leave on all the time as they will siphon warm air out of your house).
  1. Avoid using toxic cleaning products – Scrutinize cleaning product labels.If you search long enough, you’ll find non-toxic alternatives to common cleansers.
  1. Vacuum and dust regularly – Don’t skimp on your vacuum. You might want to try a bag-less filter model that doesn’t blow fine dirt and dust back into your air.
  1. Store toxic solutions and chemicals outside – Check the back of your storage areas and underneath your sink. You may be shocked what you’ll find that should not be kept indoors.
  1. Manage your pets – Things like shedding hair and cat litter can add to your indoor air pollution. Anything you can do outdoors will only help improve your air quality.
  1. Consider using an air purifier – A quality air purifier can help remove indoor pollutants from the air you breathe. You can check my site for recommendations on home, office, auto and personal air purifiers.

But there’s more than just indoor air pollution from chemicals, pet dander, dust, and smoke…

There’s other forms of air pollution you may not even be aware of and this is where Himalayan crystal salt could really help improve your indoor air.

Warning: Electronic Devices in Your Home Could be Robbing You of Better Air Quality

Due to the electronic age, most of us live and work in environments dominated by electronics – giant HD televisions, computer monitors, cell phones, PDAs, etc.

While actively using these electronic devices, invisible electromagnetic frequency waves bombard your body.

Terms used to define this type of air pollution include “electro-smog” and “electronic air pollution.”

Whatever you call it, this is serious invisible pollution of your air.

himalayan salt lamps

While watching television or working on your computer, your body could be exposed to frequency vibrations 20 times higher and faster than your own brainwaves. Frequency vibrations your body simply isn’t used to.

Excessive amounts of positively charged ions like this can potentially cause you…

  • Increased nervousness…
  • Added bodily stress…
  • Annoying sleep interruptions…
  • Lapses in concentration…
  • Increased free radical accumulation in your body   

There are many ways to counteract these impacts to your body… like making sure you take plenty of breaks when using electronic equipment… and getting away from the device to grab some fresh air, even if for a brief period of time.

Something else you can do to help offset excessive frequency vibrations while you’re actually using an electronic device is to use beautiful decorative lamps, called crystal salt lamps.

Coupled with air purifiers, these lamps can help you enjoy fresh air in selective areas of your home.

Hard to believe?

Well, not if you understand the amazing spiritual benefits of pure Himalayan crystal salt.

Natural Action of Crystal Salt Lamps

The basic premise behind a salt lamp is to help beautify and refresh your indoor air and provide an attractive soothing light in your home.

Many people obtain salt lamps for their beauty alone… and I can certainly see why from my own personal experience… these lamps are stunningly attractive.

If you’re looking to add an intriguing conversation piece to your home, crystal salt lamps come in many soothing colors and shapes, sure to please every decorating style.


How to Optimize Lamp Placement in Your Home

One of the biggest challenges with crystal salt lamps is their limited range.

You can’t simply place a single crystal salt lamp just anywhere in your home and expect to promote freshness, beauty and serenity throughout your entire house… it doesn’t work that way.

But you can place a few lamps in selected areas where you spend the most time… family room… home office… bedroom, etc.

In addition to lamps, there’s something else you can do to further enhance these qualities…

Now There’s Another Way to Bring the Benefits of Himalayan Crystal Salt Into Your Home or Office

There’s nothing quite like the soft, incandescent flicker of a candle.

Whether you delight in dining by candlelight or savor their soothing, warm glow while you work or read, candles have long graced just about every room in homes.

Now you can enjoy yet another benefit – specifically from a very special type of candle holder.

And their beautiful rich hues of pinks and oranges bring feelings of soothing comfort and support, positively enhancing your mood.

Himalayan salt crystal candle holders come in two sizes: single candle or three-candle size.

Simply drop one or three tea light candles (depending on the candle holder) into your Himalayan salt crystal candle holder and the warmth from the candle reacts with the natural crystal salt.

There’s another challenge you face when choosing a crystal salt lamp or candle holder, one you may not be aware of…

Beware of Fakes and Copycats

Like just about everything in today’s world, you need to know how to distinguish a true crystal salt lamp and candle holder from all the pretenders.

Many lamp manufacturers use salt crystals that do not come from the Himalayan region. These salt lamps and candle holders don’t necessarily possess the physical properties required for you to benefit from the air quality improvements we’ve talked about.

I’ve been very outspoken about the importance of using only pure Himalayan crystal salt as a food… this same importance carries over to crystal salt lamps.

And that’s why I located a superb source of crystal salt lamps and candle holders that are…

  • Made only from pure Himalayan salt crystals
  • Sourced from selective mines where room-and-pillar manual methods of mining are still performed to preserve the quality of the salt crystals
  • Meticulously produced with excellent transparency to provide vibrant, rich color to enhance their soothing glow
  • Available in distinctive, decorative colors and shapes to fit your décor needs
  • Unsurpassed in quality and high standards right down to the electrical cord (UL approved) that comes with your lamp

You probably know by now how selective I am on products I offer to you. And my Himalayan Salt Lamps and Candle Holders are no exception.

Finding Quality Crystal Salt Can Be a Minefield for You Unless…

Clearly, one of the most important criteria for selecting any product I offer you… it must be of the highest quality.

In fact, it may be the most important selection factor after my team and I evaluate the potential benefits for you.

How valuable is a product with phenomenal benefits if it can’t be delivered on a consistent, high-quality basis?

Not valuable at all… agreed?

And that’s why I made sure my team did their homework to ensure that my Himalayan Salt Lampsand Candle Holdersonly come from a high-quality manufacturer… no exceptions allowed.

Here are key quality practices this manufacturer practices for sourcing the best crystal salt and for producing superior lamps and candle holders…

  • Employs mine workers and craftspeople that are masters in their trade – and never uses children or underage workers to cut costs
  • Mines manually by hand to preserve optimal energy and frequency of salt crystals
  • Avoids using dynamite and other mass extraction methods that impact the quality of the salt crystals and risk human safety
  • Never substitutes cheap rock salt crystal from salt mines outside the Himalayan region
  • Differentiates itself from other manufacturers by meticulously inspecting, testing, and selecting only quality lamps prior to shipment – rejects are sold to other companies not as concerned about high quality standards

I would be surprised if you could find higher quality crystal salt lamps and candle holders than my Himalayan Salt Lamps and Candle Holders … if you can, by all means buy them.  But remember, there are many cheap, low-quality imitations out there that will likely disappoint you.

I’ve taken the guess work out of trying to mine through all the confusion out there. If quality crystal salt lamps and candle holders are what you’re after, you need to look no further than my Himalayan Salt Lamps and Candle Holders.

Brighten Up Your Home with Glowing Salt Crystals

By now, you should have a pretty good idea why Himalayan crystal salt miners are so happy.

You may not be able to reap all the enhanced-air benefits these miners receive from working in the salt mines day-after-day. But it is possible for you to improve small select areas of your home.

Plus, the soothing beauty of my Himalayan Salt Lamps and Candle Holders will fit in with almost any of your décor. And to provide you flexibility in colors and shapes, I’m offering you 4 different crystal salt lamps and candle holders to choose from…

  • Natural Himalayan Salt Lamp – A very naturally-shaped and decorative lamp, pink in color – electromagnetic wavelengths of pink color promote your sense of partnership and love. (size and color varies)
  • Himalayan Salt Lamp Carved Bowl – A uniquely-shaped and strikingly attractive lamp, peach-orange in color – soothing electromagnetic wavelengths of orange color support your feeling of security and can have a positive effect in your mood. This is my favorite!
  • Carved Himalayan Salt 3-Tea Light Candle Holder – Rectangular-shaped, peach-orange in color, holds 3 tea light candles. Adding a warm, flickering glow to any room, makes a stunning centerpiece for your dining table or fireplace mantle.
  • Carved Himalayan Salt Single Tea Light Candle Holder – Casts a lovely flickering glow showcasing its beautiful hues of peach and orange.  The perfect small gift for any occasion.

Even if you’re not planning on using crystal salt lamps and candle holders to help refresh and beautify the air in specific areas of your home, they’ll still provide glowing and soothing light… attractive in any room.

But I strongly urge you to take action and follow the “11 Common Sense Ways to Improve Your Indoor Air” detailed above… and include my Himalayan Salt Lampsand Candle Holders in that enhancement process.

Why not refresh and beautify the indoor air you breathe and enjoy the stunning shapes and colors of my Himalayan Salt Lamps and Candle Holders at the same time?


They’re so affordable, you’ll want to stock up so you have some on hand for last-minute gift giving.

As with all the products I offered on my site, I’ll take all the risk here by offering you a 100% guarantee (see below).

So, take advantage of all that Himalayan crystal salt has to offer you with my Himalayan Salt Lamps and Candle Holdersand order yours today.

Source article:

Grateful acknowledgment to :

The number one cause of health / disease … Cancer


number 1 cause


by Michael Forrester
The Number One Cause of Health, The Number One Cause of Disease

As a society the center of our interest related to the human body is on disease care. We have misplaced our focus on figuring out all of the ways to defeat disease that we have forgotten our natural state which is health. We have been so poisoned and conditioned to believe that we have no option but to experience disease in our lives, that invariably this is what materializes and becomes our reality, not only individually, but as a society. Can we live disease-free and in excellent health? Absolutely. But you have to believe it is possible and align yourself with natural laws to ensure that health, and not disease, is a primary goal.

It’s interesting but if you start typing “the number one cause of” in Google, the instant results will either show death, accidents, divorce or disease. Regardless, we are tuned into the negative.
How has that worked for us so far?
Simply put, the only cause of health OR disease is your energetic and emotional state. How you connect emotionally to your overall wellness and wellbeing is more important than any supplement, food, exercise, medical intervention or health treatment. The reason homeopathy works so well is because it addresses energy and frequency imbalances that exist within your body. Rectify that, and disease cannot exist…it would be impossible. A balanced body and mind cannot accept and will not allow disease to physically manifest.

Do you have an idea how many people could have thriving health if this information was better translated to more people in the world?
Scientific studies can only derive correlations because they do not address energetic causation which is the underlying mechanism behind every single experience and event whether physical or non-physical. 100% of disease is based on energetic components within your field. I repeat, there is NO other cause of disease.

We Believe We Must Be First Diseased, Suffer and Then Treated To Live
The power structure that controls the disease industry understands these concepts very well. That is why from the time we are born, until the time we die, they want to control this emotional energy matrix. From the very first vaccine to the very last dosage of medication on our deathbeds (and everything in between), we have been conditioned to accept that external factors and disease treatments are what can help control our pain and suffering.

This is true to a certain extent as we are led down a path to believe that we must suffer and must experience pain to live, so we must then engage in pain coping mechanisms in the form of medications to keep living. It’s just one of the reasons that a greater life expectancy has come at an enormous cost in the quality of life of our elders, for they are suffering with more pain and greater disability than ever before in last 15 years of life.

So even though life expectancy at birth rose an average of four years in the last two decades of the 20th century, whether the human species has benefited from this increase is debatable because we are not embracing concepts related to health as we age…only those related to disease. Contrary to what many have been led to believe, frailty as we age is only an option and one by choice. There are 90-year olds who can still run, lift weight and are as vibrant as many 60-year olds, so why is there such a discrepancy? To understand why disease manifests we must understand its function. Take cancer as an example.

Cancer Is Not What We Think It Is

To prevent cancer, we need to understand the process. Most people believe cancer is a disease, but this is not true at all. There is a plethora of documentation that proves that cancer is in fact a symptom of many biological processes in the body. Cancer is not an infectious disease like polio, whooping cough, mumps, or measles. It is not contagious. We can’t catch cancer from someone else. It is not a bacteria or a virus whose purpose is to eat the nutrients we have in the body.

So according to this definition, cancer is a single condition. In fact, it is a naturally occurring condition of the body. It’s perfectly normal and natural to have an immune system, and it’s perfectly normal and natural to have a population of mutant cells. The human body has 75 trillion cells. We have over 200 different types of cells in the human body. Some 230,000 cells are created every second, almost 20 billion per day. The average person has about 1100 mutant cells daily. The difference between these mutant cells running an imbalanced path of destruction leading to disease, or one leading to balance is entirely dependent on our immune system.

The immune system fails to heal us when this model is unbalanced. Cancer can be our greatest opportunity to help restore balance to all aspects of our life, but it can also be the harbinger of severe trauma and suffering. Either way we are always in control of our body. To live in a human body, we must have access to a certain amount of life-sustaining energy. We may either use this inherent energy in a nourishing and self-sustaining, or in a destructive and debilitating way. In case we consciously or unconsciously choose negligence or self-abuse over loving attention and self-respect, our body will likely end up having to fight for its life. Cancer is but one of the many ways the body tries to change the way we see and treat ourself, including our body. This inevitably brings up the subject of spiritual health, which plays at least as important a role in cancer as physical and emotional reasons do.

Cancer appears to be a highly confusing and unpredictable disorder. It seems to strike the very happy and the very sad, the rich and the poor, the smokers and the non-smokers, the very healthy and the not so healthy. People from all backgrounds and occupations can have cancer. However, if we dare look behind the mask of its physical symptoms, such as the type, appearance and behavior of cancer cells, we will find that cancer is not as coincidental or unpredictable as it seems to be.

What makes 50% of western populations so prone to developing cancer, when the other half has no risk at all? Blaming the genes for that is but an excuse to cover up ignorance of the real causes. Besides, any good genetic researcher would tell we that such a belief is void of any logic and outright unscientific.

Cancer has always been an extremely rare illness, except in industrialized nations during the past 50 years. Human genes have not significantly changed for thousands of years. Why would they change so drastically now, and suddenly decide to kill scores of people? The answer to this question is amazingly simple: Damaged or faulty genes do not kill anyone. Cancer does not kill a person afflicted with it! What kills a cancer patient is not the tumor, but the numerous reasons behind cell mutation and tumor growth. These root causes should be the focus of every cancer treatment, yet most oncologists typically ignore them. Constant conflicts, guilt and shame, for example, can easily paralyze the body’s most basic functions, and lead to the growth of a cancerous tumor. Cancer, the physical disease, cannot occur unless there is a strong undercurrent of emotional uneasiness and deep-seated frustration. Ironically, all the education on cancer keeps us in this frame of mind.

We are told that cancer is not a natural process, runs in our family, genetically inherited, and potentially caused by toxins and other unknown factors that seem to elude all scientists. Since that is what they want society believes, that is message propagated across all forms of media and educaiton. It then becomes our reality, but it is not our natural state.

The message needs to be repeated constantly to keep us in this state of belief. Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP) is the use of word-meanings, which describes how the language of our mind produces the qualities of our behavior. It is a powerful way to control and manipulate individuals and populations who support and rely on ego-belief systems for security and sense of self.

That’s one of the reasons there are so many medical dramas and shows about how wonderful mainstream medicine is for our culture. The irony is that nothing has been more destructive to human health than mainstream medicine itself. They have used harmful catalysts of change to make populations believe that sickness is our general state of being. What we need is on the polar opposite spectrum and convincing mass populations that health is our general state of being. Using a harmless catalyst of change, we could create a sustainable, healthy state of mind and body that can never be influenced by NLP that convince us of the opposite.

In this fascinating video interview with Dr. Mercola, Bruce Lipton, PhD, explains how your thoughts, and the thoughts of those around you, can directly influence the state of your health. Amazingly, the power of thought can affect the expression of your genes — and even potentially cure cancer.

The word “cancer” has the potential to play a very disturbing and precarious role, one that is capable of delivering a death sentence. Being a cancer patient seems to start with the diagnosis of cancer, although its causes may have been there for many years prior to feeling ill. Within a brief moment, the word “cancer” can turn someone’s entire world upside down.

The following statement is very important in the consideration of cancer: “Cancer does not cause a person to be sick; it is the sickness of the person that causes the cancer.” To treat cancer successfully requires the patient to become whole again on all levels of his body, mind and spirit. Once the cancer causes have been properly identified, it will become apparent what needs to be done to achieve complete recovery.

Could it actually be that our collective, social belief that cancer is a killer disease, in addition to the aggressive treatments that follow diagnosis, are largely responsible for the current dramatic escalation of cancer in the Western hemisphere? Too far fetched, we might say! But cancer can have no power or control over us, unless we unconsciously allow it to grow in response to the beliefs, perceptions, attitudes, thoughts, feelings we have, and the life choices we make.

Understanding Pain And How To Unify Harmony Within

Everything in this world that you see manifested as form and phenomena, including things like electricity, sound waves coming to your ears as music and speech, everything is vibrations. This includes your health or illness.

Every type of energy has a different vibrational frequency. For example, water has one, and when it turns to ice, it has a different vibration. When it turns to vapour, the vibration changes again. Sound waves have their own frequency of vibration. Of all these, thought vibration is the strongest. Most of our thoughts we turn into words — spoken words — and these words we put into action. Action when repeated again and again, form our habits, is it not? And our very nature, our character, is determined by our habits. Every tomorrow that we wake up is then determined by our nature and character.

Imagine creating a unified harmony and vibration through 800 trillion cells and vibrating them into health and well being. Humming itself produces overtones which can heal your mind, body and spirit. This can awaken our deepest desires to be unified with overtones of love and help breakdown stiffness and pain and facilitate our spirit body to flow.

Because we are not taught the importance and power of thought, we have never consciously been in control of them, with the result that when unpleasant things enter our life, we do not realize the connection between the thought-vibration and the effect it has on us and our health. Uplifting thoughts allow us to elevate our consciousness and awareness; non-inspiring thoughts tend to drag us down and even create disease which is connected to others.

We have a shared pain on this planet. Your pain is not only your own. It is connected to everyone and everything. There is beauty in that shared pain and you must learn to see it for what it is through energetic harmony. You must move past specific body pain you thought was your own when it was actually part of the collective. Once embraced, this pain will cease to exist.

It should come as no surprise to anyone that every part of our physical body vibrates at a precise frequency. Thoughts that are not in harmony or in “sync” with our body cause impedance to our health. All organs, all tissues, membranes, glands, cells, vibrate in precise frequencies in a healthy body. All positive, inspiring, loving and kind thoughts are in harmony with those physical vibrations and help to continue to keep the body in perfect health, with the circulation of the blood going to all the necessary parts of the body, with the digestion working perfectly and the body able to correctly and easily eliminate toxins and waste matter, also allowing proper refreshing sleep to the body.

For every effect there is a cause, so when there is enough human intent and energy towards health, love and respect towards ourselves and our planet, we will only create a better world and a better life for all people on Earth.

Start by loving yourself, who you are and why you are here experiencing this life. It’s not a coincidence. You designed it. So take responsibility for your wonderful creation. If you want to change your experience, send out the message and the universe will respond.

To the trained eye of a gardener, the symptom of withering leaves is not a dreadful disease. He recognizes that the dehydrated state of these leaves is but a direct consequence of withdrawn nourishment that they need in order to sustain themselves and the rest of the plant. We must recognize the symptoms of imbalance and dysfunction within ourselves before they even have a chance to produce disease.

Disease is the absence of health…darkness is the absence of light. Health is not the absence of disease. Light is not the absence of darkness. Do you see the difference?

The number one cause of health or disease is you. Do you live in a state of health, or do you live in a state of disease? You create it. You decide. How long and what quality of life would you like? Write the answer in the comments below. Repeat it to yourself everyday and believe it. In due time, you will find yourself understanding the role of pain and disease and why it does not control you…you control it.

Michael Forrester is a spiritual counselor and is a practicing motivational speaker for corporations in Japan, Canada and the United States.

Our Second Brain

Gut instincts:

The secrets of our second brain

When it comes to your moods, decisions and behaviour, the brain in your head is not the only one doing the thinking


IT’S been a tough morning. You were late for work, missed a crucial meeting and now your boss is mad at you. Come lunchtime you walk straight past the salad bar and head for the stodge. You can’t help yourself – at times of stress the brain encourages us to seek out comfort foods. That much is well known. What you probably don’t know, though, is that the real culprit may not be the brain in your skull but your other brain.

Yes, that’s right, your other brain. Your body contains a separate nervous system that is so complex it has been dubbed the second brain. It comprises an estimated 500 million neurons – about five times as many as in the brain of a rat – and is around 9 metres long, stretching from your oesophagus to your anus. It is this brain that could be responsible for your craving under stress for crisps, chocolate and cookies.

Embedded in the wall of the gut, the enteric nervous system (ENS) has long been known to control digestion. Now it seems it also plays an important role in our physical and mental well-being. It can work both independently of and in conjunction with the brain in your head and, although you are not conscious of your gut “thinking”, the ENS helps you sense environmental threats, and then influences your response. “A lot of the information that the gut sends to the brain affects well-being, and doesn’t even come to consciousness,” says Michael Gershon at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, New York.

If you look inside the human body, you can’t fail to notice the brain and its offshoots of nerve cells running along the spinal cord. The ENS, a widely distributed network of neurons spread throughout two layers of gut tissue, is far less obvious, which is why it wasn’t discovered until the mid-19th century. It is part of the autonomic nervous system, the network of peripheral nerves that control visceral functions. It is also the original nervous system, emerging in the first vertebrates over 500 million years ago and becoming more complex as vertebrates evolved – possibly even giving rise to the brain itself.


Digestion is a complicated business, so it makes sense to have a dedicated network of nerves to oversee it. As well as controlling the mechanical mixing of food in the stomach and coordinating muscle contractions to move it through the gut, the ENS also maintains the biochemical environment within different sections of the gut, keeping them at the correct pH and chemical composition needed for digestive enzymes to do their job.

But there is another reason the ENS needs so many neurons: eating is fraught with danger. Like the skin, the gut must stop potentially dangerous invaders, such as bacteria and viruses, from getting inside the body. If a pathogen should cross the gut lining, immune cells in the gut wall secrete inflammatory substances including histamine, which are detected by neurons in the ENS. The gut brain then either triggers diarrhoea or alerts the brain in the head, which may decide to initiate vomiting, or both.

You needn’t be a gastroenterologist to be aware of these gut reactions – or indeed the more subtle feelings in your stomach that accompany emotions such as excitement, fear and stress. For hundreds of years, people have believed that the gut interacts with the brain to influence health and disease. Yet this connection has only been studied over the last century. Two pioneers in this field were American physician Byron Robinson, who in 1907 published The Abdominal and Pelvic Brain, and his contemporary, British physiologist Johannis Langley, who coined the term “enteric nervous system”. Around this time, it also became clear that the ENS can act autonomously, with the discovery that if the main connection with the brain – the vagus nerve – is severed the ENS remains capable of coordinating digestion. Despite these discoveries, interest in the gut brain fell until the 1990s when the field of neurogastroenterology was born.

We now know that the ENS is not just capable of autonomy but also influences the brain. In fact, about 90 per cent of the signals passing along the vagus nerve come not from above, but from the ENS (American Journal of Physiology – Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, vol 283, p G1217).

The feel-good factor

The second brain also shares many features with the first. It is made up of various types of neuron, with glial support cells. It has its own version of a blood-brain barrier to keep its physiological environment stable. And it produces a wide range of hormones and around 40 neurotransmitters of the same classes as those found in the brain. In fact, neurons in the gut are thought to generate as much dopamine as those in the head. Intriguingly, about 95 per cent of the serotonin present in the body at any time is in the ENS.

What are these neurotransmitters doing in the gut? In the brain, dopamine is a signalling molecule associated with pleasure and the reward system. It acts as a signalling molecule in the gut too, transmitting messages between neurons that coordinate the contraction of muscles in the colon, for example. Also transmitting signals in the ENS is serotonin – best known as the “feel-good” molecule involved in preventing depression and regulating sleep, appetite and body temperature. But its influence stretches far beyond that. Serotonin produced in the gut gets into the blood, where it is involved in repairing damaged cells in the liver and lungs. It is also important for normal development of the heart, as well as regulating bone density by inhibiting bone formation (Cell, vol 135, p 825).

But what about mood? Obviously the gut brain doesn’t have emotions, but can it influence those that arise in your head? The general consensus is that neurotransmitters produced in the gut cannot get into the brain – although, theoretically, they could enter small regions that lack a blood-brain barrier, including the hypothalamus. Nevertheless, nerve signals sent from the gut to the brain do appear to affect mood. Indeed, research published in 2006 indicates that stimulation of the vagus nerve can be an effective treatment for chronic depression that has failed to respond to other treatments (The British Journal of Psychiatry, vol 189, p 282).

Such gut to brain signals may also explain why fatty foods make us feel good. When ingested, fatty acids are detected by cell receptors in the lining of the gut, which send nerve signals to the brain. This may not be simply to keep it informed of what you have eaten. Brain scans of volunteers given a dose of fatty acids directly into the gut show they had a lower response to pictures and music designed to make them feel sad than those given saline. They also reported feeling only about half as sad as the other group (The Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol 121, p 3094).

There is further evidence of links between the two brains in our response to stress. The feeling of “butterflies” in your stomach is the result of blood being diverted away from it to your muscles as part of the fight or flight response instigated by the brain. However, stress also leads the gut to increase its production of ghrelin, a hormone that, as well as making you feel more hungry, reduces anxiety and depression. Ghrelin stimulates the release of dopamine in the brain both directly, by triggering neurons involved in pleasure and reward pathways, and indirectly by signals transmitted via the vagus nerve.

In our evolutionary past, the stress-busting effect of ghrelin may have been useful, as we would have needed to be calm when we ventured out in search of food, says Jeffrey Zigman at UT Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, Texas. In 2011, his team reported that mice exposed to chronic stress sought out fatty food, but those that were genetically engineered to be unable to respond to ghrelin did not (The Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol 121, p 2684). Zigman notes that in our modern world, with freely available high-fat food, the result of chronic stress or depression can be chronically elevated ghrelin – and obesity.

Gershon suggests that strong links between our gut and our mental state evolved because a lot of information about our environment comes from our gut. “Remember the inside of your gut is really the outside of your body,” he says. So we can see danger with our eyes, hear it with our ears and detect it in our gut. Pankaj Pasricha, director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Neurogastroenterology in Baltimore, Maryland, points out that without the gut there would be no energy to sustain life. “Its vitality and healthy functioning is so critical that the brain needs to have a direct and intimate connection with the gut,” he says.

But how far can comparisons between the two brains be taken? Most researchers draw the line at memory – Gershon is not one of them. He tells the story of a US army hospital nurse who administered enemas to the paraplegic patients on his ward at 10 o’clock every morning. When he left, his replacement dropped the practice. Nevertheless, at 10 the next morning, everyone on the ward had a bowel movement. This anecdote dates from the 1960s and while Gershon admits that there have been no other reports of gut memory since, he says he remains open to the idea.

Gut instincts

Then there’s decision-making. The concept of a “gut instinct” or “gut reaction” is well established, but in fact those fluttery sensations start with signals coming from the brain – the fight or flight response again. The resulting feeling of anxiety or excitement may affect your decision about whether to do that bungee jump or arrange a second date, but the idea that your second brain has directed the choice is not warranted. The subconscious “gut instinct” does involve the ENS but it is the brain in your head that actually perceives the threat. And as for conscious, logical reasoning, even Gershon accepts that the second brain doesn’t do that. “Religion, poetry, philosophy, politics – that’s all the business of the brain in the head,” he says.

Still, it is becoming apparent that without a healthy, well-developed ENS we face problems far wider than mere indigestion. Pasricha has found that newborn rats whose stomachs are exposed to a mild chemical irritant are more depressed and anxious than other rats, with the symptoms continuing long after the physical damage has healed. This doesn’t happen after other sorts of damage, like skin irritation, he says.

It has also emerged that various constituents of breast milk, including oxytocin, support the development of neurons in the gut (Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, vol 55, p 1592). This might explain why premature babies who are not breastfed are at higher risk of developing diarrhoea and necrotising enterocolitis, in which portions of the bowel become inflamed and die.

Serotonin is also crucial for the proper development of the ENS where, among its many roles, it acts as a growth factor. Serotonin-producing cells develop early on in the ENS, and if this development is affected, the second brain cannot form properly, as Gershon has shown in mutated mice. He believes that a gut infection or extreme stress in a child’s earliest years may have the same effect, and that later in life this could lead to irritable bowel syndrome, a condition characterised by chronic abdominal pain with frequent diarrhoea or constipation that is often accompanied by depression. The idea that irritable bowel syndrome can be caused by the degeneration of neurons in the ENS is lent weight by recent research revealing that 87 out of 100 people with the condition had antibodies in their circulation that were attacking and killing neurons in the gut (Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, vol 18, p 78).

If nothing else, the discovery that problems with the ENS are implicated in all sorts of conditions means the second brain deserves a lot more recognition than it has had in the past. “Its aberrations are responsible for a lot of suffering,” says Pasricha. He believes that a better understanding of the second brain could pay huge dividends in our efforts to control all sorts of conditions, from obesity and diabetes to problems normally associated with the brain such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. Yet the number of researchers investigating the second brain remains small. “Given it’s potential, it’s astonishing how little attention has been paid to it,” says Pasricha.

Mental illnesses of the gut

A growing realisation that the nervous system in our gut is not just responsible for digestion (see main story) is partly fuelled by discoveries that this “second brain” is implicated in a wide variety of brain disorders. In Parkinson’s disease, for example, the problems with movement and muscle control are caused by a loss of dopamine-producing cells in the brain. However, Heiko Braak at the University of Frankfurt, Germany, has found that the protein clumps that do the damage, called Lewy bodies, also show up in dopamine-producing neurons in the gut. In fact, judging by the distribution of Lewy bodies in people who died of Parkinson’s, Braak thinks it actually starts in the gut, as the result of an environmental trigger such as a virus, and then spreads to the brain via the vagus nerve.

Likewise, the characteristic plaques or tangles found in the brains of people with Alzheimer’s are present in neurons in their guts too. And people with autism are prone to gastrointestinal problems, which are thought to be caused by the same genetic mutation that affects neurons in the brain.

Although we are only just beginning to understand the interactions between the two brains, already the gut offers a window into the pathology of the brain, says Pankaj Pasricha at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland. “We can theoretically use gut biopsies to make early diagnoses, as well as to monitor response to treatments.”

Cells in the second brain could even be used as a treatment themselves. One experimental intervention for neurodegenerative diseases involves transplanting neural stem cells into the brain to replenish lost neurons. Harvesting these cells from the brain or spinal cord is not easy, but now neural stem cells have been found in the gut of human adults (Cell Tissue Research, vol 344, p 217). These could, in theory, be harvested using a simple endoscopic gut biopsy, providing a ready source of neural stem cells. Indeed, Pasricha’s team is now planning to use them to treat diseases including Parkinson’s.

-by Emma Young, New Scientist

Filed under brain second brain ENS digestion

Moringa for Life!

Moringa For Life !


Moringa Benefits

Some of the benefits of continuous Moringa intake :

1. Increases the natural defenses of the body

2. Provides nourishment to the eyes and the brain.

3. Promotes metabolism with bio-available ingredients

4. Promotes the cell structure of the body

5. Promotes natural serum cholesterol

6. Lowers the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines

7. Promotes the normal functioning of the liver and the kidney

8. Beautifies the skin

9. Promotes energy

10. Promotes proper digestion

11. Acts as an antioxidant

12. Takes care of the immune system of the body

13. Promotes healthy circulatory system

14. It is an anti-inflammatory

15. Gives a feeling of general wellness

16. Supports the normal sugar levels of the body


Moringa leaf boosts your energy in a natural manner, and is a remarkable source of nutrition. This energy promotion does not happen because of sugar, so it is lasts for a long time. Individuals ingesting it say that their ulcers are healed, tumors restricted; there is a reduction in arthritis pains and inflammations; helps control blood pressure;  the skin health is restored, and finally it provides stronger defenses against diseases.

Another property of the Moringa leaf is its soothing ability, because of which it can lower the blood pressure and help promote good sleep.

It can also purify water since it has a detoxifying effect. Also a coagulant agent, Moringa can attach itself to hazardous bacteria and other materials.  The happy outcome is more sustained energy without any over-activity, balanced hormone and gland system, controlled blood pressure, and a rested nervous system.


The Bridge to Better Health is through Better Nutrition

One cannot maintain good health if you do not consume food that is nutritional.   How does nutrition, with its vitamins, minerals and other nutritional compounds promote a healthier lifestyle?  Professor Mike Golden, who works with United Nations agencies involved in malnutrition, says much of the problem with nutrition is not the quantity of food, but the quality of food we eat, with people needing about 40 different nutrients to be healthy.

Organic nutrients include carbohydrates, proteins or amino acids, lipids, and vitamins. Inorganic nutrients include minerals.  Water is sometimes included in a listing of nutrients. Vitamin A acts as a shield against eye disease, skin disease, heart ailments, diarrhea, and many other ailments. Vitamin C fights a host of illnesses including colds and the flu while supporting the cardiovascular system.  Calcium is necessary in building strong bones and teeth, plus it helps prevent osteoporosis.

The combination of vitamin D and calcium brings a remarkable reduction in cancer risk. Potassium is essential for the functioning of the brain and nerves, and significantly lowers the risk of a stroke.  Finally, proteins are necessary for the basic building blocks – amino acids – of all of our body cells.

Interaction between nutritional compounds is necessary for health in all ways.  Vitamins cannot function without minerals.  Without minerals, your body can’t function. Vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients are best absorbed and used by the body when they are derived from natural sources (plants and animals) and are present in naturally occurring complex compounds, not as separate compounds as formulated in pills.
A new review involving dozens of studies of the antioxidant vitamins A, E and C, confirms this, finding the popular supplements don’t help you live longer.  As a result, some researchers now believe antioxidants work only when they are in food.   Alice Lichtenstein, a professor of nutrition science and policy at Tufts University, not involved with the review, says the study’s main message is: “Rely on food to get your nutrients.”


Health begins in the Individual Cell 
Wellness exists and disease begins in the individual cell 

The human body requires 20 amino acids to grow, build, and maintain cells.  Amino acids are the building blocks of protein.  Amino acids relate to proteins as letters of the alphabet relate to words.

The proteins in Moringa give 18 of the 20 known amino acids, including all eight amino acids classified as essential. These essential amino acids cannot be synthesized by the body and must come from a person’s diet, usually from red meat or dairy products. These foods are not available in many parts of the world and are lacking in the diets of vegetarians, elderly people, and children.

Moringa, with its 90+ verifiable nutrients, not only contains all these elements, but also has significant portions of Vitamins B, B1, B2, B3, D, and E, polyphenols (antioxidants), other minerals, fiber, and is one of the highest, naturally occurring sources of chlorophyll.


Inflammation is serious

Independent studies that appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine say inflammation is as potent as cholesterol. An article in Men’s Health (Dec 2004), Bonfires of the Arteries, concurs, reporting that “inflammation is the slow burn that sparks thousands of heart attack and strokes every year”.

According to Paul Ridker, MD, a professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School, “Half of all heart attacks and strokes in the United States each year occur among people with essentially normal cholesterol levels”.  Dr. Ridker continued, “There is more to heart disease than just lipids. A heart attack occurs when plaque ruptures inside your vessels. Rupturing is not dependent just on how much plaque is present, but also on the level of inflammation”.

According to a 2003 report from the University of South Florida, chronic inflammation partly due to an estrogen deficiency may render postmenopausal women vulnerable to degenerative conditions such as arthritis, osteoporosis, atherosclerosis, and Alzheimer’s disease.

Low-grade inflammation is also a precursor to aging and age-related disease, according to dermatologist Nicholas V. Perricone, MD.   Perricone says, “The skin is always getting inflamed by sun, weather, pollution, and products because it is our interface between the environment and our body.  So the best ways to decrease disease risk and slow the aging process is to take nutrients with powerful anti-inflammatory activity on a regular basis. Through a three-tier approach involving diet, supplements, and creams, we can control the rate at which we age”.


Moringa contains 36 anti-inflammatories

Moringa and Skin Health 
Moringa contains a recently discovered cytokinin (plant hormones that induce cell division, growth, and delay aging of cells).  In recent clinical tests, this naturally occurring substance increased both the growth and yield of agricultural products and, when added to the diets of dairy cattle, significantly increased their milk production and furthermore promoted more rapid cellular regeneration. Clinical studies have shown Moringa produces anti-aging properties in humans. The human skin life cycle is approximately 300 days. Every minute more than 40,000 individual skin cells die.  With the use of Moringa the human skin cycle was altered by the fact that new skin cells grew faster than the older cells died. This resulted in an amazing reduction of wrinkles on the face and other parts of the body.

Zeatin, one of the compounds in Moringa, is a supreme anti-oxidant with powerful anti-aging properties. Zeatin slows the aging process by helping the body replace cells at a faster rate than they age, giving a more youthful appearance to the skin.  A 2004 study by Seneteck PLC shows that Zeatin does not interfere with the genetic control of cellular lifespan, that it promotes maintenance of small cell size (key determinant of youthful skin), and prevents the accumulation of macromolecular damage in the cell.  It was also found the Zeatin increases the activity of anti-oxidants to counter act the damage caused by free radicals during cell aging and protects healthy cells from the stress of daily life. Moringa has several thousand times more Zeatin than any other known plant.


Dietary and Health Benefits of Moringa

Until recently, only a smattering of research had been completed in India, its bordering countries, and in parts of Africa.  Even less research had been done in the West.  Then, not long ago, the University of Leicester in England performed a number of studies.  The results from these studies along with the limited number of studies conducted in the United States confirm the dietary and health benefits of the Moringa, with some of the results showing to help lower cholesterol, assist the respiratory system and minimize the effects of asthma. Moringa has no known impurities or adverse reactions when consumed.

While some of the benefits of the Moringa plant have been tapped by various impoverished civilizations, the plant’s nutritional potential was not “discovered” by modern societies until the late nineteenth century.  The indigenous knowledge and use of Moringa is referenced in more than 80 countries and known in over 200 local languages, has over 300 references to it in ayurvedic medicine.  Even with the known value of this plant, little has been done to introduce its amazing benefits to the world.


The pH Effect

Everything we eat affects the pH of our bodies, either raising the pH or lowering it. The body, which prefers an alkaline state, should have a pH of about 7.3.   Processed foods create an acidic state in our bodies that over time is very susceptible to disease.   For example, cancer flourishes in an acidic environment, but not in an alkaline one. The majority of cancer patients possess a very low body pH (6.0 or lower).   Soda pop, with a pH ranging from about 2.7-3.0 is extremely acidic.   The pH level of pop can more than double by the time it has passed through the body.   It does this by stealing precious minerals and fluids that may already be in short supply.   The proper pH level is critical in maintaining good health.  Chlorophyll is very effective in reversing the pH level in the body, and Moringa has the one of the highest levels of chlorophyll, along with an abundance of other beneficial nutrients.   .

Moringa Oleifera, the
most nutritious plant discovered to date

While no one food gives us all the nutrition we need, Moringa Oleifera, comes closer than anything else.  Moringa, with its 90 plus nutritional compounds, is the most nutrient rich plant discovered to date.

Diitta B.Sambou, a midwife in Senegal Africa where Moringa is being used to combat malnutrition in pregnant women and babies, says under-nourishment and over-eating both have harmful consequences on the health of the individual. State of the World 2000, published by World watch Institute, reports that the number of people who are overfed and undernourished (a staggering 1.2 billion) now equals the number of those who are starving from from lack of food.  Looking at the chart below in reverse shows some of the consequences of poor nutrition.


 Pain Relief : COX-2 Inhibitors

COX-2 is short for cyclooxygenase-2, one of the key enzymes that helps the body produce the inflammatory hormone-like compounds prostaglandins and cytokines. COX-2 is activated by injury and inflammation and is essential for fighting infections and healing injuries, but when the body produces too much, the result ischronic inflammation and pain.

When properly nourished, the human body is able to counter many of the daily aches and pains that life, exercise and age routinely bring.   The Moringa Oleifera plant contains tremendous phytonutrients that directly support the body’s efforts to inhibit and modulate enzymes that manifest joint pain and age or exercise induced aches and pains. The United States Department of Agriculture has studied and identified natural COX-2 inhibitors such as caffeoylquinic acid, kaempherol and quercetin, all abundantly, placed by Mother Nature, in the Moringa plant.

These natural compounds within the Moringa plant support a healthy, active lifestyle that enhance the body’s ability to relieve pain, inflammation and many other health concerns affecting the body’s various systems.  Moringa’s natural COX-2 inhibitors assist the body to selectively block the COX-2 enzyme, impeding the production of the chemical messengers (prostaglandins) that cause pain and swelling.

Along with these natural COX-2 inhibitors and thanks to Mother Nature’s wisdom, Moringa also provides the body additional documented pain-relieving nutrients that include: arginine, beta-sitosterol, calcium, chlorophyll, copper, cystine, omega 3, omega 6, omega 9, fiber, glutathione, histidine, indole acetic acid, isoleucine, leucine, magnesium, oleic-acid, phenylalanine, potassium, rutin, selenium, stigmasterol, sulfur, thiamin, tryptophan, tyrosine, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol, delta-tocopherol, gamma-tocopherol), zeatin, and zinc.  In addition, Moringa’s abundantly bio-active compounds, such as carotenoids, flavonoids and polyphenols have been researched regarding their ability to naturally reduce inflammation, promote joint and bone health and they have been found to be both effective and fast-acting.

This proper nourishment provided by the Moringa plant contributes to a healthy and happy life, especially when complemented by weight management through exercise and diet that also significantly reduces pressure on weight-bearing joints.

Moringa powder (90 capsules) is stocked by BIO-SIL SA cc : R00 (excl)

(011) 615-5504

Acknowledgment to Moringa YSP for valuable information